Download AUTHOR William Lane Craig : Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration – Pdf Epub


Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration

review Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration William Lane Craig ð 7 characters Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration characters Ë 7 Christian doctrine drawing upon Old and New Testament studies historical theology and analytic philosophy The study unfolds in three discrete parts Craig first explores the biblical basis of atonement and unfolds the wide variety of motifs used to characterize this doctrine Craig then highlights some of the principal alternative theories of the atonement offered by great Christian thinkers of the premodern era Lastly Craig’s exploration delves into a constructive and innovative engagement with philosophy of law which allows an understanding of atonement that moves beyond mystery and into the coh A very readable and great interaction with the atonement debate as of 2020

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review Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration William Lane Craig ð 7 characters Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration characters Ë 7 Through his death on the cross Christ atoned for sin and so reconciled people to God New Testament authors drew upon a range of metaphors and motifs to describe this salvific act and down through history Christian thinkers have tried to articulate various theories to explain the atonement While Christ’s sacrifice serves as a central tenet of the Christian faith the mechanism of atonement—exactly how Christ effects our salvation—remains controversial and ambiguous to many ChristiansIn Atonement and the Death of Christ William Lane Craig conducts an interdisciplinary investigation of this crucial Atonement and the Death of Christ is the result of years of study for William Lane Craig on the subject of the atonement Cambridge University published in 2018 a shorter treatment 106 pages by William Lane Craig on this subject called The Atonement Atonement and the Death of Christ is the detailed treatment The book is divided in three sections 1 Biblical data concerning the atonement 2 Dogmatic history of the doctrine of the atonement and 3 Philosophical reflections on the doctrine of the atonementCraig has written a very important book on the subject of the atonement The level of research that he did to write this book is truly impressive The amount of footnotes and interaction with other writers shows that he took serious time to deal with the data and with objections to his view First off I have to say that this is the first book that I read that is dedicated to the subject of the atonement I m a theology student I had some notions on the subject prior to this book but nothing advanced So what I write is not an in depth review I can t allege to be able to spot flaws in Craig s view and provide a detailed appreciation I leave that to seasoned scholars because yes for those who wonder this is a scholarly workLeaning on my protestant roots I tend to agree with Craig that penal substitution is the centre of the theory of the atonement Any book on the atonement trying to put aside penal substitution will have a hard time surviving criticism I think Craig has done a great job of defending it Craig have sometimes been criticised by Christians for putting philosophy ahead of theology in his argumentations Whether this critiue is accurate or not Christians can give him credit for beginning his survey with biblical data and for stressing that it s the most important aspect of the study He is uick to emphasize that a theory of the atonement cannot be a Christian theory if it is not backed up with biblical dataThis first part of the book the biblical data is useful to establish the meaning of the atonement as both expiation and propitiation This section is the most accessible of the book In my opinion his examination of the OT as the background for the atonement especially in relation to the various sacrifices was thorough and helpful However I wish he would have gone in detail with the NT data He spends time in the OT than in the NT although the NT has a greater depth on the subject I understand that his intention was not to do an exhaustive study of the biblical data and a deep exegesis of the passages but I feel there was a missed opportunity to delve deeper into the NT and expound on the correlations between OT and NTIn the second part I think he did a good job of looking at the various atonement theories that have been proposed down the ages He spent most of the chapters presenting the views of the adherents and their opponents rather than giving his opinion He very skillfully interacted with the proponents of the theories You can clearly see that he read those ancient authors and immersed himself in their ideas By doing this he seems to have fairly represented them He is able to recognize when there are misrepresentations of the views which is usually a sign of a good appropriation of a view He is also able to appreciate the theories even if he doesn t ascribe fully to them I agree with him that the various atonement theories can be used to construct what he calls a multifaceted theory of the atonement They all have useful notions that help to describe the atonement in different aspects He was able for example to offer good practical applications of the moral influence theory even though it is the least attractive theory as a whole On the other hand I found the text to be at times dense and hard to follow especially when he discussed opposing views to the theories It was sometimes difficult to understand the main ideas of the atonement theories I had this impression especially in the description of the governmental theory Apart from that I think he submitted a good presentation and analysis of the atonement theoriesThe third part of the book the defense of the coherence of penal substitution from a philosophical standpoint was the most challenging part to read It is the most detailed and difficult section of the book The analogies that Craig makes between penal substitution and notions from philosophy of law are truly what sets him apart from other writers on the subject There probably exists no book with that depth that is able to deal as much with philosophical law notions and apply them to the atonement The amount of sources that he interacts with is indeed impressive His uotations and footnotes are again very detailed If you d like to know about notions of law like crime guilt punishment pardon retributive and conseuentialist theories of justice legal fictions vicarious liability then this part will interest you He also deals extensively with opposing views and debates on these subjects The perseverant layman should be able to go through the chapters But for many readers the details might be overwhelmingCraig says in that third part that he doesn t give analogies from philosophy of law to try to construct a doctrine of the atonement based on human justice systems one is not engaged in such a silly project Theological construction of a doctrine of the atonement will be based on the teaching of Scripture Rather one is merely offering a defeater of the objection raised to penal substitution that it is unsatisfactory p201 because it goes against our penal system of justice He also upholds its usefulness with for example the subject of punishment Still legal theorists and philosophers of law have for several centuries poured an enormous amount of thought into the theory of punishment and so given the widespread presence of forensic and judicial motifs in the biblical texts pertinent to the atonement we may expect to learn a great deal from them p150 So some technical details in this section will be of interest for the critiue of penal substitution but could also be useful for Christians to enrich their understanding of the atonement As a Christian I cannot say that these analogies with our penal system were really eye opening and enlightening in my understanding of the atonement I did find some sections informative and insightful while I sometimes had a hard time following Craig s discourse It could certainly be a lack of understanding on my part I can understand that some individuals appreciate the analogies and that it gives them a richer view of atonement I think this section is useful for those who critiue the penal substitution theory of the atonement I think Craig made a very persuasive case to defend the coherence and rationality of the theory from its criticsOverall Atonement the Death of Christ is an interesting book on the subject of the atonement The three areas of study biblical historical and philosophical give a wider and fuller treatment of the subject of the atonement The philosophical section is really ground breaking His combination of philosophy of law and biblical atonement is truly uniue and I believe it will open the door to study on these subjectsSee the full review on my blog for a summary of each chapters

William Lane Craig ð 7 characters

review Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration William Lane Craig ð 7 characters Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration characters Ë 7 Erent mechanism of penal substitutionAlong the way Craig enters into conversation with contemporary systematic theories of atonement as he seeks to establish a position that is scripturally faithful and philosophically sound The result is a multifaceted perspective that upholds the suffering of Christ as a substitutionary representational and redemptive act that satisfies divine justice In addition this carefully reasoned approach addresses the rich tapestry of Old Testament imagery upon which the first Christians drew to explain how the sinless Christ saved his people from the guilt of their sins The normally erudite Dr Craig presents an extended error filled presentation for penal substitution Dr Craig s book Atonement and the Death of Christ serves to show the danger of de contextualization that often happens in systematic theology a transparent title of the book would have been A Threefold Defense of Penal Substitution Craig presents countless examples of unsound proof texting and ultimately ends up building a self defeating argument Even though I have a ton of respect for Dr Craig there is simply no way to get around all the errors in his book The problems show up in the foundation what he calls the anchor of his review of the biblical data On p 23 he writes The predominant motif used in the NT to characterize the atonement is the portrayal of Christ s death as a sacrificial offering to God on our behalf On the same page he provides a pithy summary of another author that includes a number of passages Here are the problemsProblem 1 Dr Craig thinks that Jesus as a sacrifice is primarily about God getting something not about God giving someone problems 2 to propitiate means to appease to placate to satisfy The object of expiation is sin the object of propitiation is God There are four problems hereProblem 1 We do not know where Craig got these definitionsProblem 2 Expiate on dictionarycom and enoxforddictionariescom describe expiation as dealing with reparation ie making something right in some wayProblem 3 There is not a single verse regarding animal sacrifices where God is the object of propitiation Craig makes very loose inferences to get thereProblem 4 Craig has picked a definition from somewhere that speaks of propitiation as being a verb ie to propitiate Summary Problem 4 combined with the wrong emphasis mentioned earlier turns into error It sets up the reader for thinking that propitiation is used as a verb where God is the object This usage is completely different than NT usage The NT never has God being propitated by the sacrifice of His Son Instead He is the one sending the propitiation eg Romans 3 see also Romans 51719Problem 3 Because of the de contextualization Craig misses that the effects of death is the topic of the first clause ie blood in v 9 and death in v10 and the effect of JesusHis life is the topic of the second clause ie by him in v9 and his life in v10 So although related Craig applies a part of a verse that is speaking about Jesus after he had been raised and mistakenly applied it to Jesus deathSummary The passages Craig tried to use to set up the discussion on the biblical data reveals a counter contextual understanding of what happened on the cross Jesus did not have to die to change something about the Father ie appease His wrath God sent His Son because of who He is because we are the ones that needed to be changed by the cross we had to be reconciled to Him He never had to be reconciled to usCraig s approach suffers from a skewed emphasis uestionable definitions de contextualization and ultimately creates a self defeating argument From his own book he has supplied the defeaters for his own defense of penal substitution the uotes show evidence for the premises1 According to Penal Substitution Jesus was punished by God what Yahweh has done in afflicting His righteous Servant Isa 5214 531 10 p51 the LORD s punishment of His Servant in Isaiah 53 p522 God is always just when He punishes It would have been inconceivable to the biblical authors that God might act unjustly p271 Citing Gen 1825 and Romans 9143 Jesus was punished unjustly the injustice of what he suffered p 56 the unjust death p58 Maltreatment p61 But Christ s innocent death was undeserved p1184 Therefore God did not punish Jesus5 Therefore penal substitution is falseThe above part is important because Craig s argument can be defeated by using his own statements In section III regarding philosophical reflections Craig does not make a positive case for his own view Instead he provides various work arounds to various objections to penal substitution eg If we simply replace the term punishment with penalty with respect to God s harsh treatment of Christ then the alleged incoherence vanishes p173 74 In section III he would clearly enumerate the opposing arguments and then refute them see pp 172 but if it eliminates or precludes various facets of the biblical doctrine then we may be spared pursuing such a theory further since it fails to meet adeuately our first criterion of a Christian theory of the atonement p22Given the specific problems with Penal Substitution theory it does not meet the criterion of being ChristianUpdate1272020I received some baseless emotional feedback to my negative review However one person took the time to write a substantial response to me Please check out that comment and my response to it I simplify the self defeating syllogism provide grammatical comments on Romans 325 and Isaiah 5310 and respond to other concerns

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5 thoughts on “Download AUTHOR William Lane Craig : Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration – Pdf Epub

  1. says: William Lane Craig ð 7 characters free read Ô eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ð William Lane Craig Download AUTHOR William Lane Craig : Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration – Pdf Epub

    Download AUTHOR William Lane Craig : Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration – Pdf Epub ‘‘Atonement and the Death of Christ’’ is the result of years of study for William Lane Craig on the subject of the atonement Cambridge University published in 2018 a shorter treatment 106 pages by William Lane Craig on this subject called ‘‘The Atonement’’ ‘‘Atonement and the Death of Christ’’ is the detailed treatment The book is divided in three sections 1 Biblical data concerning the atonement

  2. says: Download AUTHOR William Lane Craig : Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration – Pdf Epub review Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration

    free read Ô eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ð William Lane Craig Download AUTHOR William Lane Craig : Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration – Pdf Epub A very readable and great interaction with the atonement debate as of 2020

  3. says: William Lane Craig ð 7 characters free read Ô eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ð William Lane Craig review Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration

    Download AUTHOR William Lane Craig : Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration – Pdf Epub The normally erudite Dr Craig presents an extended error filled presentation for penal substitution Dr Craig’s book Atonement and the Death of Christ serves to show the danger of de contextualization that often happens in systematic theolo

  4. says: review Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration Download AUTHOR William Lane Craig : Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration – Pdf Epub free read Ô eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ð William Lane Craig

    review Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration free read Ô eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ð William Lane Craig William Lane Craig ð 7 characters There are essentially three parts to this book The first is an analysis of the Biblical data and the exegetical case for the penal substitutionary view of the atonement The second is a historical summary of the major theological theories of the atonement held from the early church through today Both of these sections are clear and well done The case for the penal substitutionary view is well presented while

  5. says: Download AUTHOR William Lane Craig : Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration – Pdf Epub

    Download AUTHOR William Lane Craig : Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration – Pdf Epub review Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration William lane Craig is not just a good philosopher he is also a great writer The book links a number of areas of the atonement to create a well thought out argument that is Historical philosophical and theological based on the biblical data I love the countless citations he has implemented in order to further the readers research on the topic Though he is a scholar he writes coherently for laymen like me and starts wit

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