Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za


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  1. says: Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za Summary Þ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ↠ Jonathan Kaufman Read & Download Kings of Shanghai

    Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za This is the story of the great Jewish business dynasties of Irai ancestry the Sassoons and the KadooriesDavid Sassoon was born in Baghdad then in the Ottoman Empire He was the leading member of the wealthy Jewish community there In 1829 the Turkish authorities turned against the wealthy Jews and David Sassoon fled arriving in Bomba

  2. says: Read & Download Kings of Shanghai Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za

    Read & Download Kings of Shanghai Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za Jonathan Kaufman ↠ 7 Free read I have just finished reading ‘Kings of Shanghai’ by Jonathan Kaufman on Kindle I have learned so much not simply about the Sassoon and Ka

  3. says: Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za

    Read & Download Kings of Shanghai Jonathan Kaufman ↠ 7 Free read Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za A insight into how life is so transient and temporal and atthe same time fulfilling exciting very satisfying and extremely rewarding and how families very uickly forget where they came from

  4. says: Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za

    Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za Truly excellent and entertaining I learnt something new on every page On Shanghai and Hong Kong and Jews as the original citizens of t

  5. says: Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za

    Read Pdf or Epub Kings of Shanghai BY Jonathan Kaufman – sagolfbidder.co.za Summary Þ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ↠ Jonathan Kaufman Read & Download Kings of Shanghai Absolutely loved this book could not recommend it It sheds light on poorly known parts of history and families still considered as Hong Kong royalty today

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Read & Download Kings of Shanghai

Read & Download Kings of Shanghai Kings of Shanghai Read Ù 107 Summary Þ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ↠ Jonathan Kaufman Ty five years profiting from the Opium Wars; surviving Japanese occupation; courting Chiang Kai shek; and nearly losing everything as the Communists swept into power In Kings of Shanghai Jonathan Kaufman tells the remarkable history of how these families ignited an economic boom and opened China to the world but remained blind to the country's deep ineuality and to the political turmoil on their doorsteps In a story stretching from Baghdad to Hong Kong to Shanghai to London Kaufman enters the lives and minds of these ambitious men and women to forge a tale of opium smuggling family rivalry political intrigue and surviva. A insight into how life is so transient and temporal and atthe same time fulfilling exciting very satisfying and extremely rewarding and how families very uickly forget where they came from

Summary Þ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ↠ Jonathan Kaufman

Kings of Shanghai

Read & Download Kings of Shanghai Kings of Shanghai Read Ù 107 Summary Þ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ↠ Jonathan Kaufman 'A masterpiece of research The Last Kings of Shanghai is a vivid and fascinating story of wealth family intrigue and political strategy on the world stage from colonialism to communism to globalized capitalism' Susannah Heschel Eli Black Professor of Jewish Studies Dartmouth CollegeAn epic multigenerational story of two rival dynasties who flourished in Shanghai and Hong Kong as twentieth century China surged into the modern eraShanghai 1936 The Cathay Hotel located on the city's famous waterfront is one of the most glamorous in the world Built by Victor Sassoon billionaire playboy and scion of the Sassoon dynasty the h. This is the story of the great Jewish business dynasties of Irai ancestry the Sassoons and the KadooriesDavid Sassoon was born in Baghdad then in the Ottoman Empire He was the leading member of the wealthy Jewish community there In 1829 the Turkish authorities turned against the wealthy Jews and David Sassoon fled arriving in Bombay in 1832 There he identified himself solidly with the British and within a decade had become one of the richest people in India and was also a great philanthropistHe made money by selling Indian grown opium to China then a declining power China tried to stop the trade but after two Opium Wars was compelled not only to permit the trade throughout the country but also to cede Hong Kong and extra territoriality in five treaty ports one of which was Shanghai where in 1863 the British and Americans fused their concessions into the International Settlement David had eight sons In 1850 he sent his second son Elias to Shanghai where he continued to sell opium In 1867 Elias broke way from the family company David Sassoon Sons the English gave him a knighthood he became Sir Albert and he and three other brothers settled in London from where they ran the family business somewhat perfunctorily These four like the English Rothschilds became members of the social set around the Price of Wales the future Edward VII For some years the family had managed to delay action against the opium trade but an international conference in 1907 finally outlawed the trade However the family had long invested the profits of that trade in real estate and in factories and they remained stupendously wealthyThe Sassoons were distantly related to the Kadoorie family Salih Kadoorie was a Baghdad banker When he died in 1876 his six sons were still teenagers and unable to take over his business His widow Rima sent four of them to Bombay to work for the Sassoons In 1880 the Sassoons set the youngest Elly aged thirteen to Hong Kong When he was about eighteen he broke away from the Sassoons and founded a stockbroker s company He gradually acuired shares for himself On a visit to London he met and married Laura the niece of the wealthy Frederick Mocatta the head of Jewish community in London and this gave him entry into London society They made a home in Shanghai Elly became a financier and a millionaireHis wealthy elder brother Ellis figures very little in Kaufman s book but unlike his brother he had had received British citizenship and a knighthood in 1917 When he died in 1922 Elly inherited much of his wealth in particular a chain of hotels He and his sons lived with 42 servants in Marble Hall a vast mansion built for them In 1926 the British government at last gave Elly British citizenship and a knighthood He continued his philanthropic work and unlike the Sassoons was a Zionist and helped to finance the Hebrew University of JerusalemAmong all the disorders and civil wars in China the International Settlement in Shanghai was a haven of security and cosmopolitanism But while those who lived in the glittering bubble of the International Settlement the areas of the city outside the Settlement were sualid and heavily over populated Those living in the Settlement were untouched by the tensions between the communists and the nationalists which had culminated in 1927 in the massacre of 12000 communists in ShanghaiMeanwhile the Sassoon family had splintered somewhat and it was no longer as powerful as it had been before EDSassoon but to everyone s surprise he was very successful in Bombay expanded the network of the banks run by the company and became the representative of India s textile industry He visited the family s business in Shanghai and noted how much stable conditions were there than in restless India He liuidated the Indian business and moved the proceeds to Shanghai where he built a nine story headuarters called Sassoon House which also included his suite a hotel and several luxury shops He now uite overshadowed the opulence of the Kadoories He built many hotels and office blocks and then added other commercial properties Chiang Kai Shek s government which was corruptly bleeding Chinese businessmen dry saw Victor as valuable magnet for foreign investment would not kill the goose that was laying such golden eggs and courted him assiduously while Victor bought government bonds to help fund the Nationalists army and with all his business activities kept up his playboy life style threw lavish parties took photographs of nude women and ran a racing stable whose horses won many races not only in Shanghai but also in EuropeBut the golden time in Shanghai was drawing to a close The Japanese had started a war against China in 1931 In 1932 they bombed Shanghai and soon they controlled the area outside the International SettlementMeanwhile the Nationalists began to resent the foreign wealth when the rest of the country was so poor They began to challenge the privileges of extraterritorialityThere was one interesting side effect of the Japanese occupation of Shanghai In their war against Russia in 1905 much of the money that financed their war had come from the Jewish financier Jacob Schiff who hated the antisemitism of Tsarist Russia The result was that some Japanese saw the Jews as allies They accepted the thesis promoted by the Protocols of the Elders of Zion that the powerful Jews controlled the world but they drew the conclusion from this that they could be useful allies of Japan and Victor was of course the richest and most powerful Jew in the region They approached Victor who though he distrusted them played them along and the Japanese allowed Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany and Austria into the Japanese controlled area of Hongkew just north of the International SettlementVictor unlike the Kadoories was not at all religious but he was well aware of the danger that Nazism was for all Jews including members of his family in England Besides he was already known as a charitable philanthropist Elly Kadoorie had already helped Jewish refugees from the Nazis to find shelter in Shanghai one of the few places in the world which let them in freely but as their numbers grew he approached the by now much richer Victor for additional help and Victor agreed and made generous if primitive arrangements for the refugees In August 1939 there were 15000 Jewish refugees in ShanghaiBut when Japan joined the Axis in 1940 the Japanese began to put pressure on the Jews in general and on Victor in particular demanding that he merge his vast property holdings with a Japanese company Victor fearing that the Japanese would take over the International Settlement and that he would be arrested left Shanghai for India just weeks before Pearl Harbour he would never return to Shanghai or Hong Kong settling in the tax free Bahamas where he died in 1961Elly Kadoorie had two sons Lawrence and Horace He had groomed Lawrence to take over his business in Hong Kong Horace was in Shanghai where he ran a school to which he was deeply committed and he stayed in the cityAfter Pearl Harbour the Japanese did indeed take over the International Settlement took over Victor s investments and put Horace under house arrestElly Kadoorie had decided in 1920 long before these events to move some of his wealth from Shanghai to British ruled Hong Kong where he too built hotels and developed Kowloon and the New Territories Lawrence continued this policy Elly was now 76 and ailing was living with Lawrence who now at 42 was effectively in charge of the Hong Kong businessThe Japanese took over Hong Kong Lawrence had not expected this He thought Hong Kong was invincible and besides both brothers had admired Japan had thought it civilized than China and had holidayed there freuentlyAfter the surrender of Hong Kong the Japanese interned its English population After a while Elly Lawrence his wife and two children were allowed to return to Shanghai but there they were again imprisoned Elly died there in 1944 Harsh and brutal though the conditions in the internment were at least the Japanese declined German suggestions of adding to the Holocaust Lawrence survived the war as did 18000 other JewsAfter the war Horace remained in Shanghai for the time being but Lawrence returned to a devastated Hong Kong where he still owned many assets He worked closely with the colonial government in rebuilding Hong Kong By the time Horace fleeing from the advancing communists joined Lawrence in Hong Kong in 1948 the city had already been transformed Lawrence put him in charge of the hotels there and the two brothers worked very closely together As some 20000 Chinese refugees arrived in Hong Kong Horace began helping many of them with interest free loans to start a new life as farmers in the New Territories Lawrence invested a million dollars in Horace s Kadoorie Agricultural Aid Association KAAA By 1962 the KAAA had helped 300000 refugees and with loans totalling 60 million dollars most of which the farmers had repaid out of their productivity Lawrence who ran the China Light and Power Company brought electricity to every corner of Hong Kong and the TerritoriesThe fear that Communist China might invade Hong Kong was never far away but when Deng Xiaoping took power in 1978 that danger receded as Deng wanted to open up China to the West and saw Hong Kong as a valuable conduit With the approval of Mrs Thatcher Lawrence was able to supply China with electricity generated by China Light and Power though this would facilitate China building a nuclear plant just across the border with the New Territories In 1981 she even made Lawrence a peer He never criticized China and said nothing about the Tiananmen Suare massacre in 1989In 1898 he British had leased the New Te4rritories from China for 99 years The lease was therefore due to expire in 1997 and the Territories would legally return to China Without them Hong Kong would then no longer be viable and Lawrence now 86 was among the people who worked on the settlement by which Hong Kong Kowloon and the New Territories would come under Chinese rule but with the British legal and economic system remaining in place for the next fifty years under the one country two systems arrangement When Christopher Patten the last Governor of Hong Kong gave Hong Kong a democratic constitution as a parting gift Lawrence warned him against this and after the Chinese take over on in July 1997 the Chinese replaced the Legislative Council elected under these reforms with one elected under the previous rulesJust over a month after the take over Lawrence died aged 94 Two years later Horace died alsoIn communist capitalist China the memory of the Sassoon and Kadooir families is still reveredA fascinating story about these two families during such turbulent times Its only drawbacks are the absence at least in the Kindle edition of a Sassoon family tree and three minor errors I have detected

Jonathan Kaufman ↠ 7 Free read

Read & Download Kings of Shanghai Kings of Shanghai Read Ù 107 Summary Þ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ↠ Jonathan Kaufman Otel hosts a who's who of global celebrities Noel Coward has written a draft of Private Lives in his suite Charlie Chaplin entertained his wife to be and the American socialite Wallis Simpson reportedly posed for 'glamour' photographs A few miles away Mao and the nascent Communist party have been plotting revolution before being forced to flee the cityBy the 1930s the Sassoons had been doing business in China for a century rivaled in wealth and influence by only one other dynasty the Kadoories These two Jewish families both originally from Baghdad stood astride Chinese business and politics forthan one hundred and seven. I have just finished reading Kings of Shanghai by Jonathan Kaufman on Kindle I have learned so much not simply about the Sassoon and Kadoorie families but also about the historical backdrop against which they lived their complicated livesLawrence Kadoorie was born in 1899 and was still working at age 94 He became Lord Kadoorie in 1981 His family s humanity and philanthropy are evident in the book The Kadoories and the Sassoons saved the lives of 18 000 Jewish refugees during World War 2The amount of research Kaufman did for this book is evident but it is never overwhelming History is brought to life and despite there being few photographs the writing conjures up many visual imagesThe main players are described in detail and we also see a number of minor characters who add to the tableau Kaufman s narrative is interesting and easy to read It is an excellent book

  • Tapa blanda
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  • Kings of Shanghai
  • Jonathan Kaufman
  • es
  • 15 March 2020
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